Two Bills Have Been Introduced in Congress That Would Legalize and Tax Cannabis at the Federal Level

Published on February 22, 2015 · Last updated July 28, 2020

This is a BFD, folks. On Friday, Representatives Jared Polis (D-CO) and Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) introduced two bills to Congress concerning the legalization and taxation of cannabis at the federal level. If passed, H.R. 1013 and H.R. 1014 would be instant history makers, paving the way for legal, taxable cannabis for any state that wants to jump aboard the green train.

Polis' bill is H.R. 1013, also known as the Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol Act. It would remove cannabis from the schedule implemented by the Controlled Substances Act and would switch oversight of cannabis from the DEA to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. 

Said Polis:

“Over the past year, Colorado has demonstrated that regulating marijuana like alcohol takes money away from criminals and cartels, grows our economy, and keeps marijuana out of the hands of children. […] It is time for us to replace the failed prohibition with a regulatory system that works and let states and municipalities decide for themselves if they want, or don’t want, to have legal marijuana within their borders.”

Blumenauer's bill, H.R. 1014, is the Marijuana Tax Revenue Act. This bill would impose a federal excise tax on retail cannabis sales, plus an occupational tax for cannabis businesses. Medical marijuana would be exempt from the tax. Additionally, if passed, the bill would emulate the tobacco industry in establishing civil and criminal penalties for compliance failures. This bill also outlines a role for the IRS in drafting studies of the cannabis industry and suppling those along with their recommendations to Congress. 

Said Blumenauer:

"It’s time for the federal government to chart a new path forward for marijuana. Together these bills create a federal framework to legalize, regulate and tax marijuana, much like we treat alcohol and tobacco. The federal prohibition of marijuana has been a failure, wasting tax dollars and ruining countless lives. As more states move to legalize marijuana as Oregon, Colorado, Washington and Alaska have done, it’s imperative the federal government become a full partner in building a workable and safe framework.”

If passed, Polis' bill would allow states to legalize retail cannabis without fear of backlash or repercussions from the federal government, a move you would think the Republican-led Congress would be in support of given their party's penchant for state rights and limited federal government. Of course, as we all know, politics isn't as cut and dry as that, so we'll have to wait and see how Congress reacts to this pair of game changers.

In the meantime, you can do your part by contacting your representative and urging him or her to support both H.R. 1013 and H.R. 1014!

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Rebecca Kelley
Rebecca Kelley
Rebecca is the Content Director at Leafly, where she oversees Leafly News production and other content projects.
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