This story was updated on 12/4/2018 at 9:29 a.m. PST.
SALT LAKE CITY (AP) — Utah Gov. Gary Herbert has signed into law a compromise agreement that guaranteed legalization of medical marijuana but has sparked concern that it creates too many hurdles for patients trying to access the drug.
Herbert said late Monday the passage of the bill was a historic day in conservative Utah. He said in a statement a new regulatory system that helped win the approval of the influential Mormon church will dispense cannabis in “medical dosage form,” preventing diversion into the black market.
He says his administration will implement the law “as quickly as feasible.”
“For me to approve even this compromise is a huge step.”Sen. Allen Christensen (R-Ogden)
Lawmakers in the conservative state passed sweeping changes to a new voter-approved medical-marijuana ballot measure on Monday under a planned compromise that secured the support of the influential Mormon church but has sparked a backlash from advocates.
Supporters of the compromise cheered the vote, saying it would help suffering patients while creating safeguards against broader recreational use.
“I believe this agreement was a landmark day for our state, and we are helping people,” said outgoing Republican House speaker Greg Hughes, who sponsored the legislation and helped bring together the players for talks.
The plan for changes was announced before Election Day as part of a broad compromise that won the backing of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
Democrats argued the measure’s passage with 53 percent of the vote shows people want the measure as written, and they proposed leaving original language of the measure intact. Republicans overwhelmingly voted down the idea.
“We’re rushing this. It’s bad public policy and it’s sad,” said Democratic Sen. Luz Escamilla.
The changes would ban many marijuana edibles, prevent people from growing their own marijuana if they live far from a dispensary and narrow the list of eligible medical conditions.
Smoking marijuana wasn’t allowed in the original ballot measure and won’t be under the new version. The original legalization measure passed Nov. 6, putting Utah on a list of more than 30 states that allow medical marijuana.
Measure’s Supporters Threaten to Sue
Opponents of the changes say they create major obstacles to patients who want to get the drug and cut the number of locations where the drug would be available.
“It’s an almost complete disregard for the will of the people once they’ve spoken through the initiative process,” said Rocky Anderson, an attorney representing medical-marijuana advocates.
They plan to sue to block the compromise from going to effect, said Christine Stenquist with the group Together for Responsible Use and Cannabis Education. She and other medical-marijuana advocates went to the voters after years of trying unsuccessfully to convince conservative legislators to pass a bill, and the groups cleared a high bar to win a spot on the ballot.
Compromise supporters, though, argue it’s an improvement on the original and won over mostly Mormon lawmakers who have historically been reluctant to support any form of medical marijuana.
“For me to approve even this compromise is a huge step,” said Republican Sen. Allen Christensen.
Some medical-marijuana advocates also support the agreement, saying state law allows the Legislature to change the language of laws passed by voters, so it was better to negotiate with opponents of the measure rather than endure a prolonged legal fight.
“We have the right to override what the people do by initiative,” said Republican Rep. Merrill Nelson, though, he noted, “we don’t do that willy-nilly.”
But opponents of the plan criticized the compromise negotiations held largely out of the public eye, and said they are an example of the Utah-based faith exerting its influence on public policy. Mormons have long frowned on marijuana use because of a key church health code called the “Word of Wisdom,” which prohibits the use of alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs.
The church agreed to the pre-election deal to allow access for people with serious medical needs as the measure seemed to gain support.
Church leaders have said they stand behind the work done to help craft a compromise it considers a safer medical marijuana program.
Room for Improvement
Marijuana Policy Project Deputy Director Matthew Schweich, who worked on the Utah MMJ ballot measure, saw today’s legislation as an acceptable compromise that leaves room for improvement.
“This bill is undoubtedly inferior to the law enacted by voters in November,” Schweich said in a prepared statement. “However, Proposition 2 would very likely have been defeated without the compromise deal, which prevented an onslaught of opposition spending. Advocates made the responsible decision to negotiate with opponents and ensure that patients were not left without any access to medical cannabis.”
“While this legislation is not ideal, it is a major step forward for Utah and it will help patients and families across the state,” Schweich added. “This law will enable patients to safely and legally access the medical cannabis treatments they need, and it can be improved upon in future legislative sessions. It’s now time to move forward, and we call on the state government to implement this new policy without delay.”
Leafly News staff contributed to this report.